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Genetic differentiation is what makes us unique. It also changes our risk for certain diseases. In regards to cardiovascular disease, 9p21 stands out as having a consistent association with increased cardiovascular disease risk.
- Roberts R. Genetics of premature myocardial infarction. Curr Atheroscler Rep. 2008 Jun;10(3):186-93.
- Shen GQ1, Rao S, Martinelli N, Li L, Olivieri O, Corrocher R, Abdullah KG, Hazen SL, Smith J, Barnard J, Plow EF, Girelli D, Wang QK.Association between four SNPs on chromosome 9p21 and myocardial infarction is replicated in an Italian population. Genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) association studies recently identified four SNPs (rs10757274, rs2383206, rs2383207, and rs10757278) on chromosome 9p21 were associated with myocardial infarction (MI) with odd ratio of 1.24, 1.31, 1.26, and 1.28.
- Helgadottir A1, Thorleifsson G, Magnusson KP, Grétarsdottir S, Steinthorsdottir V, Manolescu A, Jones GT, Rinkel GJ, Blankensteijn JD, Ronkainen A, Jääskeläinen JE, Kyo Y, Lenk GM, Sakalihasan N, Kostulas K, Gottsäter A, Flex A, Stefansson H, Hansen T, Andersen G, Weinsheimer S, Borch-Johnsen K, Jorgensen T, Shah SH, Quyyumi AA, Granger CB, Reilly MP, Austin H, Levey AI, Vaccarino V, Palsdottir E, Walters GB, Jonsdottir T, Snorradottir S, Magnusdottir D, Gudmundsson G, Ferrell RE, Sveinbjornsdottir S, Hernesniemi J, Niemelä M, Limet R, Andersen K, Sigurdsson G, Benediktsson R, Verhoeven EL, Teijink JA, Grobbee DE, Rader DJ, Collier DA, Pedersen O, Pola R, Hillert J, Lindblad B, Valdimarsson EM, Magnadottir HB, Wijmenga C, Tromp G, Baas AF, Ruigrok YM, van Rij AM, Kuivaniemi H, Powell JT, Matthiasson SE, Gulcher JR, Thorgeirsson G, Kong A, Thorsteinsdottir U, Stefansson K.The same sequence variant on 9p21 associates with myocardial infarction, abdominal aortic aneurysm and intracranial aneurysm. Study population included 16732 controls, 2836 individuals diagnosed with Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm, Results indicate that rs10757278-G is associated with Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm has an odd ratio of 1.31.